Prophylaxis And Oral Hygiene

Why is oral hygiene important?

A good oral hygiene helps to prevent dental problems, that is why it is very important to have a good dental hygiene.

Below are the main dental terms that you should now.

  • Dental plaque is a soft  deposit  forms on the surface of teeth. It is manly bacteria (germs) combine with food and saliva. You can remove plaque with a good hygiene.
  • Calculus, also called tartar, it is the dental plaque that haven't been removed. Generally, it can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist with special instruments.
  • Caries is when holes form in parts of the enamel of a tooth. A main cause of caries is due to a build up of plaque. The bacteria in the plaque react with sugars and starches in food to form acids. The acids are kept next to the teeth by the sticky plaque and 'dissolve' the tooth enamel.
  • Gum disease (periodontal disease) means infection or inflammation of the tissues that surround the teeth. Most cases of gum disease are plaque-related.

Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss. It is also a main cause of bad breath (halitosis). However, gum disease is often treatable.

Routine oral hygiene

It is important to get into a regular habit of brushing your teeth everyday twice a day. The most important are to brush and floss your teeth every day at least 2 time a day.

Tooth brushing

Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Use a soft or medium brush. The head of the brush should be small enough to get into all the areas of the mouth. Spend at least two minutes brushing, covering all areas (inside, outside, and biting areas of each tooth). Pay particular attention to where the teeth meet the gums. Get a new toothbrush every 3-4 months. Many people find that an electric toothbrush does a better job and so they have become popular.

It is usually advised that you should use a toothpaste that contains fluoride. (The fluoride helps to prevent tooth decay.)


Floss your teeth once a day after brushing, and preferably twice a day. (Some people who have not flossed before are surprised as to how much extra debris can be removed by flossing in addition to brushing.) If you are not sure how to floss, you can always contact us, we will be pleased to help you. Briefly: the 'usual' floss looks a bit like cotton thread. Cut off about 40cm. Wind the ends round your middle fingers of each hand. Then grab the floss between the thumbs and first finger to obtain a tight 3-4 cm section which you can pull between teeth.

Gently scrape the floss against the sides of each tooth from the gum outwards. This will clean the narrow spaces between the teeth which toothbrushes cannot get to. Use a fresh piece of floss each time.

Some people prefer floss 'tape' which may slide between the teeth more easily than normal floss. Also, some people use disposable plastic 'forks' with a small length of floss between the two prongs. The plastic fork may be easier to hold and manipulate. However, they are more expensive than a roll of floss.

The gums may bleed a little when you first begin to floss. This should settle within a few days. If the bleeding persists as regular after brushing or flossing teeth may indicate early gum disease so please contact us.

Other general points

  • Children should be taught good oral hygiene as young as possible.
  • Have regular dental checks at intervals recommended by us (this is normally at least once a year.) It is very important to take a appointment at least once a year just of a check – up and 2 x-ray to make sure every thing is ok !

We are children friendly

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